Croatia star Luka Modric pipped former Real Madrid team-mate Cristiano Ronaldo and Liverpool Salah to the main prize.
But Salah, who collected goal of the year honours, did not even have the consolation of being chosen in the team of the year, with new Juventus signing Ronaldo leading the line up front.
Chelsea midfielder Eden Hazard was one of three Premier League representatives on the list, selected in a three-man supplementing role to Ronaldo alongside Barcelona's Lionel Messi and Paris St Germain's Kylian Mbappe.
Manchester United's David De Gea was selected ahead of Real Madrid counterpart Thibaut Courtois, who was voted as the best goalkeeper in the world.
Dani Alves grabbed one full-back spot, with Real Madrid trio Raphael Varane, Sergio Ramos and Marcelo completing the defence, while Modric and Chelsea's N'Golo Kante given the nod in a two-man midfield.
CATEGORY WINNERS AT THE BEST FIFA 2018 ARE AS FOLLOW:
|LUKA MODRIC: THE BEST FIFA MEN'S PLAYER|
|MARTA: THE BEST FIFA WOMWEN'S PLAYER|
Didier Deschamps: The Best FIFA Men's Coach
FIFA FIFPro World XI: David De Gea, Dani Alves, Raphael Varane, Sergio Ramos, Marcelo, Luka Modric, N'Golo Kante, Eden Hazard, Lionel Messi, Kylian Mbappe, Cristiano Ronaldo
|FIFA Fair Play Award: Lennart Thy|
|FIFA Fan Award: Peru fans|
|The Best FIFA Women's Coach: Reynald Pedros|
|FIFA Puskas Award: Mohamed Salah|
The Best FIFA Goalkeeper: Thibaut Courtois